Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) design has been frozen and preparations for development have begun.


The design of the first Indian fifth-generation fighter aircraft Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) has been frozen and preparations for development have begun.

Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft

The AMCA has an initial design that is launch in early 2009. In 2018, it receive central approval of around 400 crores for design. It will have a twin-engine stealth aircraft with an internal weapons bay and driverless, supersonic intake. Which is being developed for the first time, and its design has been completed. According to the AMCA spokesperson, the configuration has been frozen. And Preliminary Service Quality Requirements have been finalized. And its survey has been completed in its initial design. We are moving forward with important surveys in the middle of next year. A rollout is planning to make in 2024. And as will be flying possible the first aircraft in 2025. The Indian Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) under the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) are responsible for designing the Indian fifth-generation fighter aircraft.


According to a DRDO spokesperson, the fifth-generation aircraft is designed with the Indian Air Force and Navy in mind. AMCA’s design has been optimized for low radar cross section, supercruise capacity. Which will help it complete many missions, including ground strikes, suppressing enemy air defences, and electronic warfare missions.


Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft is planned to have the ability to manage both humans and dehumanized. And it will be equipped with advanced AESA radar, advanced avionics, data fusion and super manoeuvrability.


AMCA will be created in two versions, AMCA Mark 1 and Mark 2. AMCA Mark 1 version will be equipped with fifth-generation technology. And Mark 2 will be kept up to date in the sixth-generation technology.


AMCA will be a 25 ton aircraft. Its internal carriage will be 1500 kg. The maximum payload can carry 7500 kg.


AMCA will come with stealth and non-stealth configurations. It will be developed in two steps. AMCA Mark1 will be fitted with GE 414 afterburning turbofan engine, and AMCA Mark 2 will be fitted with a state-of-the-art engine. This engine will be developed in a joint venture with a foreign engine developer company.


At present, the three countries are the US, Russia and China respectively capable of building fifth-generation aircraft and it is expecting that India will also establish itself as the fourth country. American F-35s, Russian SU-57 and Chinese J-20 aircraft consider themselves fifth-generation fighter jets. However, there is considerable scepticism about the SU-57 and J-20 aircraft. Like the American F-35, these two aircraft could not see their performance.


The design and specifications of the Lockheed Martin’s F-35 help give the aircraft stealth capability. The content is that the AMCA has some similarities with the design and specifications of the F-35. So it can be assuming that AMCA will also be able to introduce itself as a “stealth” aircraft.


According to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), which is responsible for the manufacture of AMCA, the supply of the alloy has started. to make airframes need for Titanium alloy. This titanium alloy is a very light and hard metal that strengthens the airframe. As of August 2021, five slabs of titanium alloy is suppling by domestic company Midhani Group. The work of frame cutting has also started. It is hope that by 2023 it will be possible to build AMCA prototypes. On September 11, 2010, Russia and India signed an agreement on a joint fifth-generation warplane program (FGFA). But in 2017, India withdrew from the agreement because it was too expensive. And started the HAL-AMCA project.

By Ayan

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